Who Is Allah?

16 March 2011
Learn About Allah, The One and Only God, The Creator and Sustainer of the universe.

Allah: الله Allah is the proper name in Arabic for The One and Only God, The Creator and Sustainer of the universe. It is used by the Arab Christians and Jews for the God (Eloh-im in Hebrew; 'Allaha' in Aramaic, the mother tongue of Jesus, pbuh). The word Allah does not have a plural or gender. Allah does not have any associate or partner, and He does not beget nor was He begotten.

The Name Allah was not chosen by man but was revealed and referred to by all the Prophets (peace be on them). Allah was the God worshipped by Adam, Noah, Moses, Abraham and all the other Prophets sent by him.

The name “Allah” consists of two parts, “Al” which is the definitive article in Arabic and “ilah” which means an object to which subservience, love, reverence, and obedience is shown. Being a combination of these two parts, “Allah” signifies the one and only God, the one whom absolute love, reverence and obedience is shown.

One misconception is that Allah is a new or different deity than that mentioned in the Bible or Torah. However, Arab Christians use this word too, and instead of the English word "God" it is Allah which is used in their bible, prayers and daily rituals. In fact, if they did not know English, they would not know who or what a "God" in the English sense was, as they are accustomed to the use of “Allah”. Nor do they use the word "Jesus", but the same word in Arabic for Jesus which is Isa.

However, the Arab Christians share the same belief about God as other Christians around the world, i.e. that Jesus was his son and the incorrect belief in the Trinity. These beliefs are contrary to those of Islam. As Muslims, we believe that these beliefs are not what Jesus or Gods message in the Bible were intended to be. Allah is the same God that Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus worshipped. Furthermore, Islam was the exact same message that was followed and taught by all the Prophets. And they are far from the erroneous and fabricated claims that the Christians and Jews make about them.

{No son (or offspring or children) did Allâh beget, nor is there any ilâh (god) along with Him; (if there had been many gods), behold, each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have tried to overcome others! Glorified be Allâh above all that they attribute to Him!} [Quran, 23:91]

He is Allaah
The First: Nothing is before Him.
The Last: Nothing is After Him.
The Most High: Nothing is Above Him.
The Most Near: Nothing is beyond His Reach.
He Begets Not, Nor was He Begotten.
The Creator, Provider, and All-Rich.
The All-Seer, The All-Knower.
He is One and Self-Sufficient.
He is not Nature, or any part of it.
He ascended above His Throne, High above the Seven Skies.
No Vision can encompass Him, but
His Grasp is over all vision...

Who is Allah?

[ Say: "He is Allaah, {the} One. "Allaah
us-Samad {self-Sufficient}. "He begets not, nor was He begotten; "And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him."] Soorat Al Ikhlaas {112:1-4}

[ Allaah is He Who has created the heavens and the earth and sends down water from the sky, and thereby brought forth fruits as provision for you; and He has made the ships to be of service to you, that they may sail through the sea by His Command; and He has made rivers {also} to be of service to you.] Soorat Ibraheem {14:32}

[ And it is He Who spread out the earth, and placed therein firm mountains and rivers and of every kind of fruits He made Zawjain Ithnain {two in pairs - may mean two kinds or it may mean: of two sorts, e.g. black and white, sweet and sour, small and big, etc.} He brings the night as a cover over the day. Verily, in these things, there are aayaat {proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, revelation, etc.} for people who reflect.] Soorat Ar Ra'd {13:3}

[ Allaah is He Who created you, then provided food for you, then will cause you to die, then {again} He will give you life. Is there any of your {so-called} partners {of Allaah} that do anything of that? Glory be to Him! And Exalted be He above all that {evil} they associate {with Him}.] Soorat Ar Ruum {30:40}

[ And He has made the sun and the moon, both constantly pursuing their courses, to be of service to you; and He has made the night and the day, to be of service to you.] Soorat Ibraheem {14:33}

[ And He gave you of all that you asked for, and if you count the Blessings of Allaah, never will you be able to count them. Verily! Man is indeed an extreme wrong-doer, - a disbeliever {an extreme ingrate, denies Allaah's Blessings by disbelief, and by worshipping others besides Allaah, and by disobeying Allaah and His Prophet Muhammad }.] Soorat Ibraheem {14:34}

[ See they not that Allaah, Who created the heavens and the earth, is Able to
create the like of them. And He has decreed for them an appointed term, whereof
there is not doubt. But the Dhalimeen {polytheists, oppressors, unjust, and
wrong-doers, etc.} refuse {the truth the Message of Islamic Monotheism, and
accept nothing} but disbelief.] Soorat Al Israa {17:99}

[ Your Ilah {God} is only Allaah, the One. He has full knowledge of all things.]
Soorat Ta Ha {20:98}

[ Allaah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The parable of His Light is as {if there were} a niche and within it a lamp, the lamp is in glass, the glass as it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the East {i.e. neither it gets sun-rays only in the morning} nor of the West {i.e. nor it gets sunrays only in the afternoon, but it is exposed to the sun all day long}, whose oil would almost glow forth {of itself}, though no fire touched it. Light upon Light! Allaah guides to His Light whom He wills. And Allaah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allaah is All-Knower of everything.] Soorat An Nuur {24:35}
[ Allaah is He Who sends the winds, so they raise clouds, and spread them along the sky as He wills, and then break them into fragments, until you see rain drops come forth from their midst! Then when He has made them fall on whom of His slaves as He will, lo! they rejoice!] Soorat Ar Ruum {30:48}

[ Allaah is He Who created you in {a state of} weakness, then gave you strength after weakness, then after strength gave {you} weakness and grey hair. He creates what He wills. And it is He Who is the All-Knowing, the All-Powerful {i.e. Able to do all things}.] Soorat Ar Ruum {30:54}

[ Allaah it is He Who has created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them in six Days. Then He Istawa {rose over} the Throne {in a manner that suits His Majesty}. You {mankind} have none, besides Him, as a Wali or an intercessor. Will you not then remember {or be admonished}?] Soorat As Sajdah

[ Allaah, it is He Who has made the night for you that you may rest therein and the day for you to see. Truly, Allaah is full of Bounty to mankind, yet most of mankind give no thanks.] Soorat Ghaafir {40:61}
[ Allaah, it is He Who has made for you the earth as a dwelling place and the sky
as a canopy, and has given you shape and made your shapes good {looking} and
has provided you with good things. That is Allaah, your Lord, then blessed be
Allaah, the Lord of the 'alameen {mankind and jinns}.] Soorat Ghaafir {40:64}
[ Allaah it is He Who has subjected to you the sea, that ships may sail through it
by His Command, and that you may seek of His Bounty, and that you may be
thankful,] Soorat Al Jaathiya {45:12}

[ And has subjected to you all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth; it
is all as a favour and kindness from Him. Verily, in it are signs for a people who
think deeply.] Soorat Al Jaathiya {45:13}

[ Do they not see that Allaah, Who created the heavens and the earth, and was
not wearied by their creation, is Able to give life to the dead? Yes, He surely is
Able to do all things.] Soorat Al Ahqaaf {46:33}

[ He is Allaah, than Whom there is
laa ilaaha illa huwa {none deserves to be
worshiped but He} the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen {open}. He is the
Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.] Soorat Al Hashr {59:22}

[ He is Allaah than Whom there is laa ilaaha illa Huwa {none deserves to be
worshiped but He} the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of
security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the
Supreme. Glory be to Allaah! {High is He} above all that they associate as
partners with Him.] Soorat Al Hashr {59:23}

[ He is Allaah, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms. To
Him belong the Best Names. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him.
And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.] Soorat Al Hashr {59:24}

[ It is Allaah Who has created seven heavens and of the earth the like thereof {i.e.
seven}. His Command descends between them {heavens and earth}, that you may

know that Allaah has power over all things, and that Allaah surrounds

{comprehends} all things in {His} Knowledge.] Soorat At Talaaq {65:12}

[ Allaah! Laa ilaaha illa Huwa {none deserves to be worshiped but He}, the Ever
Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor

sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is
on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He
knows what happens to them {His creatures} in this world, and what will happen
to them in the Hereafter. And they will never compass anything of His
Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and
the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is
the Most High, the Most Great.] Soorat Al Baqarah {2:255}

[ Truly, nothing is hidden from Allaah, in the earth or in the heavens.
He it is Who shapes you in the wombs as He pleases. Laa ilaaha illa Huwa {none deserves
to be worshiped but He}, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.] Soorat Aal 'Imraan {3:5-6}


[ Allaah! laa ilaaha illa Huwa {none deserves to be worshiped but He}. Surely, He will gather you
together on the Day of Resurrection about which there is no doubt. And who is truer in statement than Allaah?] Soorat An Nisa{4:87}

[ Allaah! laa ilaaha illa Huwa! {none deserves to be worshiped but He} To Him belong the Best Names.] Soorat Ta Ha {20:8}

[ "Verily! I am Allaah! laa ilaaha illa Ana {none deserves to be worshiped but
Me}, so worship Me, and perform As-Salat for My Remembrance]

Soorat Ta Ha {20:14}

[ And He is Allaah; laa ilaaha illa Huwa {none deserves to be worshiped but He}.

His is all praise, in the first {i.e. in this world} and in the last {i.e.in the
Hereafter}. And for Him is the Decision, and to Him shall you {all} be returned.]

Soorat Al Qasas {28:70}

[ "But as for my part {I believe} that He is Allaah, my Lord and none shall I

associate as partner with my Lord. It was better for you to say, when you entered

your garden: "That which Allaah wills {will come to pass}! There is no power
but with Allaah". If you see me less than you in wealth, and children.]
Soorat Al Kahf {18:38-39}

[ Say {to these polytheists and pagans}: "Show me those whom you have joined
to Him as partners. Nay {there are not at all any partners with Him}! But He is
Allaah {Alone}, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise."] Soorat Sabaa {34:27}

[ He has created the heavens and the earth with truth. He makes the night to go
in the day and makes the day to go in the night. And He has subjected the sun
and the moon. Each running {on a fixed course} for an appointed term. Verily,
He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving.] Soorat Az Zumar {39:5}

Your Lord is Allaah, So Worship None But Him


[ "Allaah, your Lord and the Lord of your forefathers."] Soorat As Saffat {37:126}

[ He created you {all} from a single person {Adam}; then made from him his wife[Hawwa {Eve}]. And He has sent down for you of cattle eight pairs {of the sheep,two, male and female; of the goats, two, male and female; of the oxen, two, male and female; and of the camels, two, male and female}. He creates you in the
wombs of your mothers, creation after creation in three veils of darkness, such is

Allaah your Lord. His is the kingdom, laa ilaaha illa Huwa {none deserves to be
worshiped but He}. How then are you turned away?] Soorat Az Zumar {39:6}

[ If you disbelieve, then verily, Allaah is not in need of you, He likes not disbelief
for His slaves. And if you are grateful {by being believers}, He is pleased therewith for you. No bearer of burdens shall bear the burden of another. Then to your Lord is your return, so He will inform you what you used to do. Verily, He is the All-Knower of that which is in {men's} breasts.] Soorat Az Zumar{39:7}

[ Laa ilaaha illa Huwa {none deserves to be worshiped but He}. It is He Who gives life and causes death, your Lord and the Lord of your fore-fathers.] Soorat Ad Dukhaan {44:8}

[ O mankind! Worship your Lord, Who created you and those who were before you so that you may become al-Muttaqeen {pious and righteous}.] Soorat AlBaqarah {2:21}

[ And will make him {'Eesaa, Jesus} a Messenger to the Children of Israel{saying}: "I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I design for you
out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a
bird by Allaah's Leave; and I heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I
bring the dead to life by Allaah's Leave. And I inform you of what you eat, and
what you store in your houses. Surely, therein is a sign for you, if you believe.]
Soorat Aal 'Imraan {3:49}

[ O mankind! Verily, there has come to you the Messenger with the truth from your Lord, so believe in him, it is better for you. But if you disbelieve, then certainly to Allaah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. And Allaah is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise.] Soorat An Nisaa {4:170}

[ O mankind! Verily, there has come to you a convincing proof from your Lord, and We sent down to you a manifest light {this Quraan}. So, as for those who believed in Allaah and held fast to Him, He will admit them to His Mercy and Grace, and guide them to Himself by a Straight Path.] Soorat An Nisaa {4:174- 175}

[ Such is Allaah, your Lord! Laa ilaaha illa Huwa {none deserves to be worshipped but He}, the Creator of all things. So worship Him {Alone}, and He is the Wakil {trustee, disposer of affairs, guardian, etc.} over all things.] Soorat Al An'aam {6:102}

[ No vision can grasp Him, but His Grasp is over all vision. He is the Most Subtle and Courteous, Well-Acquainted with all things.] Soorat Al An'aam {6:103}

[ Verily, proofs have come to you from your Lord, so whosoever sees, will do so for {the good of} his ownself, and whosoever blinds himself, will do so to his own harm, and I am not a watcher over you.] Soorat Al An'aam {6:104}

[ Say: "Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: join not anything in worship with Him; be good and dutiful to your parents; kill not your children because of poverty - We provide sustenance for you and for them; come not near to

al-Fawahish {shameful sins, illegal sexual intercourse, etc.} whether committed openly or secretly, and kill not anyone whom Allaah has forbidden, except for a just cause {according to Islamic law}. This He has commanded you that you may understand.] Soorat Al An'aam {6:151}

[ "And come not near to the orphan's property, except to improve it, until he {or she} attains the age of full strength; and give full measure and full weight with justice. We burden not any person, but that which he can bear. And whenever you give your word {i.e. judge between men or give evidence, etc.}, say the truth even if a near relative is concerned, and fulfill the covenant of Allaah, This He commands you, that you may remember."] Soorat Al An'aam {6:152}

[ "And verily, this {i.e. Allaah's Commandments mentioned in the above twoverses 151 and 152} is my Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not {other} paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. This He has ordained for you that you may become al-Muttaqeen {pious and righteous}."] Soorat Al An'aam {6:153}